About Domaine D'Aussières
Aussières was built on a fertile ecosystem where nature and people meet to learn from each other and create. Here, they say that it takes a village to make a wine.
Our village is a living place, where dialogue is the prevailing value. A multiple dialogue : Between the elements, between the generations that have worked its land, between its villagers and its craftsmen, and between the different currents of thought in the world of wine. Aussières brings everyone to the table, keeps the conversation going, ultimately leading to a sense of accomplishment.
The vineyard of Aussières extends over 167 hectares on the foothills of Fontfroide, south of Narbonne. The soil is very shallow and stony on the high slopes, and sandier and deeper on the plains. In some lots, blocks of pink sandstone outcrop and hinder mechanical work.
Two thirds of the vineyards are Corbières Appellation, and the remainder is Vin de Pays d’Oc. Each with its own grape varieties: Syrah, Mourvèdre, Grenache, Carignan, and Cinsault in the former; Chardonnay, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot in the latter.
The vineyard of Aussières is managed in the tradition of the Corbières, with plantations of 4400 vines/hectare, with VSP training.
The first official records of Aussières date back to 97 AD. An important supplier of wine to Rome for many years, its vines were uprooted by decree of the Roman Emperor Domitius, who aimed to boost the success of his own Italian wines.
Aussières became the property of the Abbey of Fontfroide in 1065, once again functioning as a farm and vineyard. After the French Revolution, it was confiscated from the church and bought by Count Daru, manager of Napoleon Bonaparte’s private estate, who continued its lucrative wine production.
Until the 1950s, Aussières remained a wine-producing village with 180 inhabitants, a school, a bakery, a forge, and hundreds of hectares of vines in production.
In 1999, the abandoned estate was bought by Baron Eric de Rothschild, who decided to redefine it as a high-quality wine estate.
“Today, the wines of Aussières express the history of this ancestral property, as well as the most recent efforts of our teams that have allowed this extraordinary terroir to reach its full potential. We look forward to seeing how these expressions evolve over the years.”
Saskia De Rothschild
The remains of what was, until the 1950s, a bustling craft village were renovated by Baron Eric de Rothschild’s team. The challenge was to elevate the village to a place that could be functional and prosperous in the 21st century, while preserving its history and traditions.
Today, the village of Aussières is home to many employees and seasonal workers, as well as the winery, administration, and machinery sheds.
In the years to come, we would like to welcome back the craftsmen and bring the village back to life with a new wine tourism programme, cultural events, artists’ residencies, etc.
A Single Ecosystem
The wild hills and complex geological formations of the Cathar country, bathed in sunshine and fresh Mediterranean air, create a rich ecosystem of flora and fauna meticulously maintained by the Aussières team.
Only one third of the 570 hectares of the estate is used for crops. The rest of the land is left covered by forest and scrubland in order to build up biodiversity for years to come.
The Corbières region is a micro region of the Languedoc, known for its strong character. More than a pretty postcard, it is a land full of life, contrasts, and layers.
To discover it, hike through its rocky hills, along the carefully preserved ecosystem that borders the Mediterranean Sea. Jump from one Cathar castle to another, meet flocks of sheep. Wander through the lively covered market in Narbonne…
The Corbières fosters the art of slow cooking and slow-paced living. The region, with its distinct terroir, is home to a fresh and rustic cuisine, made up of flavours from the land, simple ingredients such as wild herbs, beans, oysters from Gruissan…
The perfect microclimate of the Corbières, sometimes compared to California, limits the use of treatments, and has long set the course for sustainability. The locals take pride in protecting the region’s naturally preserved environment, especially the winegrowers, many of whom follow strict guidelines (AB organic farming, HVE – high environmental value – and others) to make the Corbières an eco-responsible wine destination.
The wines of Aussières are the product of millennia-old soils, secular winemaking traditions, and a commitment to a sustainable path, borrowing from ancient knowledge to prepare for the future.
For us, a healthy and natural ecosystem goes hand in hand with the quality of the wines and preserves the longevity of the vineyard.
“What matters most to me is the agroecological project of the property.”
Jean-Charles Forges, Vineyard Manager
Aussières has gradually eliminated all non-organic treatments prohibited by the Organic Agriculture (AB) label.
In 2018, the official request to convert to organic farming was made, subjecting our vineyards and wineries to a specific set of rules. This philosophy will be applied even further in the future, incorporating more specific organic farming and winemaking techniques. To increase biodiversity, Aussières has mastered the art of including vineyards as part of a whole, associating them with other crops such as olive trees amid hectares of scrubland and wild forest.
Biodiversity is a formidable asset to ensure the durability of the terroirs, to keep our soils alive, and to protect the vines from global warming, notably by creating islands of coolness.
To protect our fauna and flora, the property has twice as many hectares of wilderness around the cultivated land: 160 hectares are Natura 2000 classified, making it a protected area that we are committed to preserve.
Our flora and fauna are observed and protected, whether through creating a 6-hectare bird sanctuary in the ancient trees bordering the village or welcoming 700 sheep each winter who mow the estate with unparalleled precision.
“Developing the quality of the wines of Aussières while taking into account current issues of social and environmental responsibility is truly fulfilling.”
Pauline Chamayrac, Technical Coordinator
For years, we have been ploughing the plots in the least interventionist way possible, allowing the foundations to remain alive, as evidenced by our very successful ‘pants test’. This test consists of burying a pair of organic cotton pants and observing their degradation. The more the soil is preserved, the more the foundations are alive and the more the pants decompose. Natural or planted grass cover has become a valuable tool to amend the lots according to their needs, which vary from one year to the next.
The same care and absence of intervention is applied in the vat room, always in compliance with the rules of organic certification. During fermentation, the aim is to be gentle in the extraction to subtly reveal what each variety has to say. Sometimes, we use carbonic maceration for an unequalled purity of fruit.
“In a way, winemaking is like photography. It is the winemaker’s duty to capture beauty at the right moment. The terroir commands and the winemaker’s goal is to reveal the full potential of the berries.”
Aussières wines are the fruit of a contrasting terroir, and as such, they offer a wide range of styles, from naturally generous, to elegantly powerful, or pure and spontaneous when carbonic maceration is involved.
The exclusive Aussières wines are a range of wines from the best terroirs of the estate.
The Blason d’Aussières is a style reference for the wines of Corbières and Languedoc.
A d’Aussières is a range of accessible classics with a touch of distinction.
The flagship of Aussières is the result of a rigorous selection of the best plots located at the top of the hills. The soil is very shallow, composed of sandstone with very little clay, and water is scarce. As a result, yields are very low.
Specific plots were selected for Château d’Aussières Rosé, which are organically farmed, with the idea of producing a rosé that would capture the complexity and finesse of its terroir. Thanks to the cooler location of Aussières, our Grenache grapes ripen slowly, developing a wide range of delicate fruity aromas that contribute greatly to the elegance of the wine and give it a silky mouthfeel. Syrah brings a touch of freshness to the blend and contributes to the balance between generosity and nerve. The winemaking process involves as little intervention as possible to express the intrinsic quality of the grapes. Only the finest batches have been kept for this premium rosé. 20% of the wines are fermented in new oak barrels to add complexity, while the rest are fermented in stainless steel tanks. Once fermentation is complete, the wine is kept for 4 months on the lees. The blend consists mainly of Grenache Noir, combined with Syrah.
“The energy of the Aussières terroir creates an aesthetically beautiful, qualitative, but above all humanly enriching working environment.”
Mathieu Mocquet, Cellar Master
Altan d’Aussières is named after a wind from the depths of the sea. It is the wild child of Aussières, bringing a wind of freshness. For this exclusive
Blason d’Aussières is made from vines planted on deeper soils that are subject to less water stress than the shallow soils of the Château d’Aussières plots. The resulting wine is comparatively fruitier and more approachable in style, while the cooler terroir of Aussières gives Blason its exceptional finesse that has become the signature of Aussières and a style benchmark in the region. The Carignan is partially subjected to carbonic maceration, which contributes to its distinctive style. A small percentage of the wine is aged in barrels, which adds to its complexity and balance. The blend, traditional of Corbières, is composed mainly of Syrah, Grenache, with Carignan and a touch of Mourvèdre.
The grapes selected for the A d’Aussières red – IGP Pays d’Oc – come from flatter, lower lots. The deeper soils and underlying sand provide optimal growing conditions for Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Cabernet Franc, which contribute to the complexity of this blend. The grapes are picked at optimum maturity, destemmed, and then vinified using traditional maceration methods. The wine is aged in vats to preserve all the freshness and purity of the fruit. The complexity of this blend derives from a unique combination of local varieties such as Syrah and Marselan, with varieties more commonly associated with the Bordeaux region such as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc.
A d’Aussières Chardonnay, PGI Pays d’Oc, is made from the freshest lots of Aussières and selected neighbouring terroirs, in order to obtain a wine with remarkable freshness. The grapes are harvested before daylight, when temperatures are at their lowest. After a few hours of cold maceration, they are pressed and fermented at low temperature in stainless steel tanks to preserve their aromatic potential. The wine is partially aged on lees to obtain a good balance between roundness and freshness.
The A d’Aussières rosé (IGP Pays d’Oc) comes from dedicated plots of land where the conditions are optimal for the production of a balanced rosé.